Baby teeth set the foundation for healthy permanent teeth. It is important to keep the teeth clean and teach children to brush and floss. Dental visits have to be early and frequent to monitor the development of the teeth. The baby teeth serve as place holders for the permanent teeth. Sealants are a thin coating placed on the biting surfaces of the back teeth to prevent cavities. Routine professional cleaning and fluoride treatment are essential to ensure a life time of healthy teeth.
The emphasis in pediatric practice is laid on early detection and treatment of problems affecting children, interception for irregularities observed during the growth and alignment of teeth and also prevention of dental decay.
Sealants are resins or plastic materials which are usually applied on to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth i.e. molars and premolars. These materials flow into the natural grooves and pits, and seal them, thus protecting these susceptible areas from decay.
Professional fluoride applications at regular intervals helps strengthen tooth enamel against cavities.
The pulp of a tooth is the inner, central core of the tooth. The pulp contains nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue and reparative cells. The purpose of pulp therapy in Pediatric Dentistry is to maintain the vitality of the affected tooth (so the tooth is not lost).
Dental caries (cavities) and traumatic injury are the main reasons for a tooth to require pulp therapy. Pulp therapy is often referred to as a "nerve treatment", "children's root canal", "pulpectomy" or "pulpotomy". The two common forms of pulp therapy in children's teeth are the pulpotomy and pulpectomy.
A milk tooth usually stays in until a permanent tooth underneath pushes it out and takes its place. Unfortunately, some children loase a milk tooth too soon. If this happens, the teeth beside it may move into the empty space resulting in lack of space for the permanent teeth, leading to crowding. This can be prevented by the use of Space Maintainers.